This is one of the first questions you will ask when you move to Spain. In short, the “NIE” is a tax identification number for foreigners that identifies you to the Spanish tax authorities. It allows you to declare and pay your taxes in Spain.
Why do you need a “NIE”?
The “NIE” is required for any activity that obliges you, as a non-resident in Spain, to pay taxes. The TIN does not exclude your tax residence. Here is a non-exhaustive list of the reasons why you will need a “NIE”:
- - Buy or sell property;
- - Rent a property;
- - Connect a property to water, gas and electricity;
- - Inherit assets in Spain;
- - Open a bank account;
- - Subscribe to an insurance;
- Import/ buy/ sell a car;
- Import/ buy / sell a boat;
- Work in Spain (temporary jobs of less than 3 months only);
- - Study in Spain;
- - Apply for benefits;
- - Get a mortgage or any other type of personal credit;
- He can be used for the census at the Town Hall;
- - Some elite foreign private schools require the TIN from parents and/or new (foreign) students for enrolment form.
Who needs a “NIE”?
- - Any foreigner who becomes a tax resident in Spain;
- - Any non-resident who plans to own assets in Spain such as real estate, a car, a boat…;
- - Any foreigner who plans to work, study or set up a business in Spain.
What does a “NIE” look like?
The “NIE” is issued by the National Police on a standard A4 sheet of paper, which also includes your names, first name, date of birth and nationality. For example: Y-12345678-R.
How to apply for a “NIE”?
- 1. Apply it from your country in person, by going to a Spanish Consulate;
- 2. Apply in person in Spain at a Spanish National Police Station or the foreigners’ offices (Oficina de Extranjería);
- 3. Apply through a representative. You can designate a law firm to act on your behalf through a specific power of attorney for the “NIE”.
What is required to obtain a “NIE”?
- - A passport;
- - Complete the application form in Spanish;
- - Pay the administration fee;
- - Justify why you need it. For example, with an employment contract.